Papaya plantation

Papaya fruit is largely available on South America, Mexico, Africa, Indonesia and India. In India, production of papaya is 5.5 millions of tons (Source: United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization, FAOSTAT)

Papaya health benefits
1. Contains Papain, a digestive enzyme and helps in breaking down proteins 2. Anticancer, fruit is being used in medicines and improves cardiovascular health and protect agaist colon cancer. 3. Papain is good for skin diseases as it kills dead cells and purifies the skin. 4. Inner bark of the tree is good for toothaches 5. Good for weigh loss. A bowl full of papaya can be consumed daily. 6. As this fruit generates heat in the body, that helps in stimulating estrogen hormone which helps in normalizing in irregularity in periodic cycle (Mensuration). 7. Effective against rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis 8. Flowers and the roots are good for curing Jaundice, Bronchitis.
Side effects and when to avoid
1. For pregnant women or an expected mother papaya …

Vegetable plantation on raised beds

Raised bed layout is one of the techniques that helps in deep root on loosened soil. This method is more productive and efficient  when compared to growing directly on soil or even in grow-bags.I have setup a few raised bed with different dimensions and soil combination to learn and understand  the most suitable one for each category of plants.
Bed was filled with a composition of the following; 1. Soil 2. Rotting wood, branches, coconut husk and leaves. 3. Compost prepared from decayed plants after harvesting. 4. Animal wastes or cow dung.

 Planted egg plants and green chilly on the raised bed, used coconut husk along the boundary to protect the bed when it rains. Coconut is also used as one of the composition for preparing the bed. Planted okra in another raised bed, since the soil with the compost is well loosened, proper supports were provided. Have a close look on the image. 
Bed was raised to 30 Cm in height. 
This raised bed is supported by stone pillars on its boundaries. Bed was…

Growing Ginger on farm land - Adarak (Hindi) Ingi (Malyalam)

Botanical Name:- Zingiber Officinale Family:- Zingiberaceae

Prepare Plant Rhizomes/ ginger seeds
Seeds are available at markets, otherwise collect rhizomes from the Ginger that you buy from market. 

Preparation of soil bed
Prepare the land by ploughing or digging so that the loosened soil could let the ginger root to penetrate deep into the soil. Prepare beds of convenient length. Provide channels between two arrays of soil bed that will help protect from rain water.

Planting method
The best time for planting ginger is during the first fortnight of April, after receipt of pre-monsoon showers.

My Experience 
Planted 100 rhizomes in flat beds, plant started growing in 3 weeks and showed up healthy germination from rhizomes.

My son enjoying the site.
Below image was taken 4 months after plantation.

Never plant on waterlogged soil, rhizomes may get decayed.Too much of direct sun is not preferable and supports filtered sunlight.Hard soil and dry climate should be avoidedR…

Sweet Potato

To my surprise, I could find the tuber germinating from the compost pot……

The sweet potato, botanical name- Ipomoea Batatas is a warm season tropical plant. Sweet potato belongs to root category. From the compost dump, the tuber started growing, planted the same on a heap of earth. 

Planted the germinated tuber on the ground on top of a heap of earth and raised beds which was a mixture of compost soil. 

Plants are also grown with the stem slips, these stems can be inserted into the raised bed.

Planted 8 saplings.

Harvesting started after 200 days, Since the ground was not properly loosened or plowed, the tuber could not grow in size

Growing Tips: Plow ground at least 0.5 meters deep, so that the tuber could penetrate well into the ground.

Cooking Tips: Cook potato well and have with chilly powder or chilly chutney

Health Benefits: Sweet potato can be consumed as roasted, steamed, baked, or grilled. adding them to soups and stews while garnishing with leafy greens for salads.

Vitamin B6 Cures He…

Growing Mushroom at Home

Mushroom farming business can be mean big profits in just a few weeks. Plus, starting your own business growing oyster mushrooms for profit is fairly easy. In fact, here’s how to get started in just six easy steps
Oyster mushrooms are probably the easiest kind of mushrooms to grow. Though they are accustomed naturally to growing in wood, you also can raise oyster mushrooms in a variety of other growing media, including straw or sawdust. The easiest way to begin is with a kit/poly bag. If you want to experiment on your own, then oysters give you a greater chance of success than other mushrooms.  Mushrooms are basically fungi, which have a fleshy and spore bearing fruiting body.They have been in use not only for consumption purposes, but also for medicinal purposes, since ages there are over 14,000 types of mushrooms in the world, out of which 3,000 are edible, about 700 have known medicinal properties and around 1400 have been recognized as poisonous. In this post oyster mushroom spawn …

Lessons learned on Carrot plantation

Lessons learned on carrot plantation

Carrots are a cool-weather vegetable. Since the seeds are of smaller in size using seedling tray would be preferable. Seedlings appeared in 2 weeks and was ready to get transplanted after showing up 3-4 leaves. Tips
Carrot grows well under sunlightCompost is better to be used as the root penetration will be easierRemove rocks, otherwise carrots will split, fork, and become malformed if they grow into obstructions. Carrots require a soil temperature of about 40°F to germinate; germination will be slow in cold soil.

Keep carrots evenly moist to ensure quick growth and ensure that it should not be submerged in too much of water. Do not allow the soil to dry out. Reduce watering as roots approach maturity; too much moisture at the end of the growing time will cause roots to crack.  Spread wood ash over planting beds to provide extra potassium for root growth.Shallow cultivation is necessary to avoid damaging the roots. Mulch carrot beds to keep soil tempe…

Sappanwood - Pathimukham (Herbal Plant)

Pathimukham, Patang (Caesalpinia Sappan)
This is a herbal plant with medicinal abilities, I planted one on land and it grows 10 feets of height. In Kerala, we purify drinking water while using the  It also produces a valued type of reddish dye from it's heartwood which contains juglone (5-hydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinone), also an active antimicrobial principle.Homoisoflavonoids (sappanol, episappanol, 3'-deoxysappanol, 3'-O-methylsappanol, 3'-O-methylepisappanol and sappanone A) can also be found in C. sappan.
Image was taken from the neighboring plot.The wood is somewhat lighter in color than Brazilwood and its other allies, but the same tinctorial principle appears to be common to all. Sappanwood was a major trade good during the 17th century, when it was exported from Southeast Asian nations (especially Siam) aboard red seal ships to Japan. If “Pathimugam” is boiled in water, the water gets purified and thereby drinking this water can prevent epidemic diseases spreading thr…